Case story

Construction of Artificial Island Using Geotube® GT1000

Korea, Incheon

Project Data

Project Artificial Island, Incheon Grand Bridge, Incheon, Korea
Location Incheon, Korea
Products used Geotube® GT1000


The Incheon Grand Bridge project is a Mega-bridge project connecting Incheon International Airport with Songdo City in the Incheon Free Economic Zone. As an alternative to constructing the bridge piers over open water using heavy marine equipment, it was proposed to construct an artificial island reclaimed from the sea as a temporary platform to facilitate construction of the piers using land based equipment. The artificial island option was shown to be significantly more economical than alternatives such as sheet piles, rock dykes, etc.


Geotube® GT1000 from TenCate were chosen for constructing the edge dykes which were then filled with residual soil to form the temporary platform. The Geotube® containers used comprised a combination of 3 m, 4 m and 5 m diameters, with lengths varying between 15 m to 60 m. The tubes were stacked in tiers up to a height of about 7 m above the soft estuarial deposits. At the shallow end of the construction the tubes were installed approximately - 1.0 m  below sea level, and at the deeper end were installed about - 2.8 m below sea level. In total more than 14 km of Geotube® engineered tubes were used on the project.

Filling of the tubes was undertaken with sand delivered by barges to the sites. The sand was mixed with seawater to form a slurry and pumped into the Geotube®. The area within the confinement of the tubes was then filled with residual soil, completing the platform.

Installation of the Geotube® began in April 2006 and at the peak of construction, three installation equipment set-ups were deployed filling three tubes at a time. The full 14 km of filled tubed was completed by the end of 2006, ahead of schedule and within bedget.

This project illustrates the significant cost and construction time savings achievable by using Geotube® engineered tubes as an alternative to conventional marine construction techniques.

Construction of Artificial Island Using Geotube®

TenCate Geosynthetics Asia
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